Monday, December 14, 2009

Joystick of a Disturbed!

A List of my favorite Games!

I have been playing games when I was 10 years old. Those days were days of Video-Games or 'TV Games' as the local electronic vendors called it. Instead of SNES or Sega Entertainment System...they just insulted those systems calling them mere 'TV Games'...think of the pain it'd inflict the makers! Unaware what this little box was called I happily played Mario, Road Fighter, Mortal Kombat etc in these little boxes of addictive madness...and I loved it.

These 'TV Games' were mass produced in different names by the Chinese and imported to India...and most of them was packed with a '999 Games in One' cartridges and a infrared gun for games like Duck Hunt, Wild Wild West etc and 2 gamepads one of which most likely wont work. Though when I was 13 years old I got this brand new 'TV Game' included an adapter and a gamepad...and it had a whopping 99 games embedded on its chip. I adored it so much as there were'nt much wires and hassles my mom would shout at me for. I played like 4 to 5 hours non-stop on this fancy little devil, showed it off to my friend and all...What I didnt know was this was another clone of a the SNES re-desinged by the chinese master minds. Though I still has this piece of hardware safely boxed tugged away somewhere in my junkbox accumulating dust.

Wolfenstein 3D:

I am introduced to PC in my 8th standard and I remember the first game I played on the PC was Space Invaders in DOS as well as Dangerous Dave, Chess. Then I moved on to playing B-Men, Zool etc. But I didnt have a PC of my own then and had only meagre amount of time to play. Then one day this guy from the computer institute installed a brand new 'Game'...curious and excited to know what it was...I sneaked onto his PC and found a unidentified, attractive shortcut on the desktop and I fired it up...what opened up was a world filled with so much colors and what really got to me was the 3D world that it had...I mean I was holding the gun, I was walking towards closed doors and when Blascowicz was looking around a corner...I found myself too doin the same. It was called Wolfenstein 3D...and evidently it was the first ever 3D game I played...come to think of that time I'd already started hearing 'fairy-tales' of a brand new game which had PC's creeping on its knees not able to run it....something about the 3rd instalment of an earthQuake game (thats what I thought ha). Well Wolfestein is the grandaddy of all FPSs and I gleefully agree to it. Pity I havnt had the chance to play Spear Of Destiny, the expansion to Wolfenstein 3D.

Quake III Arena:

I bought my first PC when I was in 11th std or so. And the first game I installed on it was a demo of Quake 3 Arena...just to see if it had the balls to run it and obviously it did. I played and with tear-filled eyes I played again and again...ending up in Q3DM17 being my favorite map. There were times I played Q3DM17 a whole day and racked up like 2k+ frags. I learned all the FPS terminology after playing Q3A. Q3A was and still is my favorite game. The smooth graphics and animation with ultra fast gameplay was no-where matched by its then contender...Unreal Tournament.

Batman Arkham Asylum:

Rocksteady and Eidos hit jackpot with this amazing title. Being Rocksteady's first big budget, full fledged title...It bewilders me everytime how did they ever manage to build a game of this detail, this much true to Batman and just as much fun to play. No Batman game ever released can be compared to Batman Arkham much Batman content has been woven into the game. Rocksteady made many new innovations in the gameplay mechanics one of which are the one mouse-click combat...NO! Its not a PnC (Point n Click)...but the mechanics is that much good that you have to play it to believe it. The Graphics is literal NEXT-GEN and the gameplay and atmosphere comes head to head along with an enagaging storyline and brilliant background score Batman Arkham Asylum could be GOTY 2009.

Mini Ninjas:

Its seems Eidos Interactive is on a Killing Streak. Mini Ninja's is developed by IO Interactive...yes the same guys behind Hitman Series. I never thought they could come up with a game this cute and this fun to play. The Cute-factor in this game is top villain, no enemy is 'un-cute'...leave alone the 5 Protagonists of the game each with their own background story and fighting style. Although Mini Ninjas is aimed at kids I loved playing through it. I stand against the average reveiws Mini Ninjas got...Guys...Its meant for Kids...what more do you want. Kudos to Mini Ninjas...Ni Ni Ni..Ninja!

Tomb Raider The Last Revelation
Need For Speed Porsche Unleashed
Max Payne
Grand Theft Auto III
Serious Sam The First Encounter
Halo Combat Evolved
Return to Castle Wolfestein
Medal Of Honor Allied Assault
Unreal Tournament 2003
Devil May Cry 2
Warcraft III Reign Of Chaos
Max Payne 2 The Fall Of Max Payne
Counter-Strike Condition Zero
Doom 3
Half-Life 2
Halo 2
Indigo Prophecy
Devil May Cry 3
Need For Speed Most Wanted
Neighbours From Hell
God Of War
The Elder Scrolls IV Oblivion
God Of War II
Halo 3
Unreal Tournament III
Call Of Duty 4 Modern Warfare
Mirror's Edge
World Of Goo

Mini Ninjas
Call Of Duty Modern Warfare 2

Click on the Image to Enlarge:

Thursday, December 10, 2009

More Designs & Fan Art

As I didn't post anything in the blog since June I am posting my works as a bunch over here. Again nothing to brag about...though will keep the description brief so that whoever is viewing my blog has less reading but more of the art.

On The Edge: Few games has inspired me to work on a design twice. I know Mirror's Edge is flawed in some aspects though I love the game so much that I reworked another simple design to add to my fan art. Nothing to brag about just the in-your-face type design. Anybody who has played Mirror's can identify the design with the white walls and the logo. Done on 12 June 2009.

The Beatles: I saw the preview of The Beatles Rockband game and I was impressed by the preview. I did a google on them and stumbled on a famous poster of the Beatles crossing the road. So came up with this idea...and I like what I did. Done on 17 June 2009.

You see the pink soap here. I'll let you figure out which movie I have worked on here. One clue: Tyler! Done on 19 June 2009.

Only Chaos: Well nobody can disagree that God Of War I & II was one helluva game. This is for Kratos...for being the most badass god ever! Dude...Go kick Zeus' ass in GOW III. Done on 13 Aug 2009.

Dark Knight: Need I say more...this was an inspiration I got from another comic artist...though revealing his name will blow my cover. This was completely sketched and painted in Photoshop CS4. Done on 11 August 2009.

Ang: My most adored creation as of date. Worked on it for about 2 days. Had references and worked on the character studying more about him. The background image is shot by one of my friend/colleague ( and worked on in Photoshop CS4. Finished working on it 20 Aug 2009.

Xenomorph: I recently saw the Alien Quadrilogy once again and I was inspired...though more by H R Giger's Alien concept. I designed this as a poster which u can find at my DeviantArt profile. There is also a Grey version wallpaper available for download. Done on 13 Aug 2009.

Maximum Game: This one I did for sheer pleasure. I loved this game for its jaw dropping graphics, its sandbox gameplay and its FUCKING AMAZING GRAPHICS! Crysis is one of the recent games that jumped into my Fav 25 Gamelist just as soon as I finished it. Done on 18 Aug 2009.

Tree Of Life: Darren Aronofky's The Fountain is one hell of a movie ie ig you get to understand the story. Its part Sci-fi and part fantasy and part drama. Hugh Jackman & Rachel Weisz's performances were so good they deserved an Academy Award or so I feel. One of favorite movies of all time. Finished working on 20 Aug 2009.

Tuesday, December 8, 2009

A Call Of Duty You'll Die For!

So everybody now, knows the hype that surrounded Infinity Ward's big release this year...Call Of Duty Modern Warfare 2. And almost half of the world has already played, enjoyed, criticized and maybe in rare cases - hated the sequel to the biggest phenomenon of 2008.

Well I wasn't impressed with the Call Of Duty series when it debuted in 2003 as I, then, was a Medal Of Honor fan boy. Though I enjoyed playing it, the D-Day sequences from COD never matched the excitement I had while playing Medal OF Honor Allied Assault. And I even felt that COD was more forgiving and played easy to players who are already veterans with FPS games. Medal OF Honor was tough and released way back in 2002 and Steven Spielberg's involvement just makes it that much more interesting. At the time MOHAA, built on the Quake 3 Engine was a graphical marvel...and played SO NOT-like most WWII shooters. EA set a standard for WWII shooters with MOHAA...though the sequels that followed didn’t push the envelope that much.

Surprisingly Call Of Duty comes from the same developers as MOHAA - now called Inifnity Ward. Built on the same Quake 3 engine (Tech 3 engine as id would call it) I never thought Call Of Duty would look that beautiful. I won't criticise COD more as it had a different gameplay had a solid story and plot and playing from different perspectives (US, Brits and Soviets) just made even more exciting. Thus the COD empire began to grow...the sequels began to gush in even earlier than expected. An expansion later (Call Of Duty United Offensive developed by Gray Matter) Call Of Duty 2 followed with another 2005...and this time Infinity Ward used a heavily modified Tech 3 engine and it showed. The smoke effects were a wonder to behold...and the gameplay and plot stuck reminiscent to COD.

Activision was milking the franchise and not lettin down COD Console fanatics it migrated to consoles as well and Call Of Duty 3 was released on the PS2 and X-Box 360. Developed by Treyarch and pissing of Inifnity Ward as they used 'Call Of Duty 3' as the game's name (Infinity Ward had other intentions for 'Call Of Duty 3'). PC users were unlucky to experience as no ports came by...but still it wasnt much of a big deal as Treyarch stuck with the formula and gave a decent gaming experience not making much changes to COD gameplay styles. Though I should admit that PC gamers definitly missed a numbered title in the COD series neatly stuffed on their shelves. But the real surprise came in as the 4th instalment of COD...and a huge one at that!

Activision and Infinity Ward released the 4th sequel to Call Of Duty in November 2007 entitled Call Of Duty 4 Modern Warfare. This time around Infinity Ward decided to have a modern battlefield stage instead of the usual WWII setting. Modern Warfare was story driven and played from the perpectives of 6 soldiers including the SAS recruit Sergeant "Soap" MacTavish mentored by Captain Price. Well there....these are 2 action hero equivalents from a ultra high budgeted summer movie. Though Capt Price remains an NPC in much of the game except a level in Pripyat...Soap was a real full fledged character. Players including me felt a real connection to Soap and Sergeant Paul Jackson. Action were beefed up with a out-and-out action movie storyline. The levels were laid out perfect especially I was dumbstruck at that nuclear explosion aftershock level...where the player takes his last breath witnessing a holocaust ridden environment. Graphics is what I'd call SWEEEEET! though I didnt find it to be the top. The set pieces were awesome and topped with lotsa action and felt like, us the players, were indeed in an action movie. The loading screens were beautifully rendered cutscene-esque mission briefing which reduced the boredom of gaping at a conventional loading screen. The game ended with a climax that begged for a sequel and I knew this wasn't the last of Modern fact I was sure Infinity Ward had a huge plan for just another series. There was even a bonus level after the credits rolled out...It was another set-piece moment set in an airplane packed with terrorists and you were assigned a hostage rescue mission.

Game Magazines and websites alike praised Modern Warfare, what future shooters should be like. Modern Warfare went on to become the biggest hit of the year.

Before it got released I had watched the previews and wasnt that much impressed and all...though my friend after seeing it was like "dude...modern warfare rocks"....even before it gets released. I didnt get it either....coz he was a fanboy and I wasnt. Nonetheless I played MW and I loved it...I agree it was a highly polished, ultra-entertaining game which glued me to my seats...I was this close to being an Infinity Ward fanboy. Though I had to wait 2 more years when what was inevitable was gonna happen.

Next came Call Of Duty World At War, once again, from Treyarch. Being the 5th in the COD series in returned back to World War II as players could play as British Private Miller and Russian Private Petrenko. The gameplay returned to basic COD but powered by the IW Engine...It felt fresh. The loading screens used amazing visuals and voiced by Gary Oldman and Kiefer Sutherland it felt good. Well...gameplay wise I like the Petrenko campaign more just because it really portrayed the dark and gritty environment around a war-torn world. Call Of Duty World At War did really good and got positive reviews...which I though that was over-rated.

One thing I really liked and a really nice add-on by Treyarch to the game is the Nazi-Killing minigame at the end of CODWAW. After the credits roll are left in an enclosed building with wooden planks over the doors and windows...and wave upon wave of Nazi zombies attack you from all sides...the more you survive, killing and barricades the more weapon options and perks u get. There was even a DLC which included a new Nazi Zombie Map.

The Big Sequel:

The Year is 2009, Almost 2 years have passed after the legendary Call Of duty Modern Warfare...Modern Warfare 2 was announced on February. As the months passed by the hype surrounding the game was so huge than that of a Hollywood movie sequel. Trailers and teasers were downloaded and viewed like a hot new celebrity sex-tape. I couldn't believe the hype that was this huge for a game...and eventually I was also sucked into this hype vortex. I downloaded and watched those teasers and trailers a 100 times.

The release date was announced...November 11th...and in a desperate attempt to backtrack...I installed and played Modern Warfare and I knew what I was missing, the inevitable truth hit me. Call Of Duty Modern Warfare 2 was gonna rock and nobody could do anything about it. I saw the first trailer and it was kinda empty a black background with sound waves showing noises of bulltetproof vest zipping, ammo filling, a lift door beeps and opens and nightvision goggles going on...It had a mystery to it and now after playing MW2 I realize how important that was - Whole MW2 revolved around it. I saw the second trailer with Soap McTavish guiding the player through frozen mountain enivronment, packed with a lot of action and a snow mobile got hold of me shaked me even more. Even publisher Activision pushed Singularity, a title which was supposed to release this year, to 2010. Such was the hype. gave an award for Call Of Duty MW2 even before it was released as the trailer was downloaded whopping huge times.

People were skeptic about how Modern Warfare 2 was gonna surpass its predecessor. As November came upon us I began counting down days to November 11th. I wasn't this much excited about a game release. And at last November 11th came by, MW2 was released breaking all records, sales went to the roof as gamers literally robbed a shop to get hold of MW2.

Before I went to grab my copy I checked the reviews but without much amazement it all were uber-positive. Relieved, I got my copy and played the game and guess what I didn't stop playing for about a week. Although I finished the game in about 8 hours I played my favorite levels from Mission Select menu again and again. Try to stop me if I go on and on about Modern Warfare 2 or STOP READING...but anybody who has played MW2 will say the same. This is one sequel that has surpassed all that its predecessor was famous for. Lets start with the story. Modern Warfare is still based in a fictional modern world 5 years after the original, with Imran Zakhaev dead and hailed as a War-Hero/martyr and taking over his villainous role is Vladimir Makarov...whose mere description in the mission briefing spells DANGER. MW2 is filled so much exotic locales that taking anyone of it outta your head after you play through it is real difficult for me...atleast for me it was. You start playing as US Army Ranger Pvt Joseph Allen in the war-torn landscape of and Afghan city...the tension builds up as you've got your orders not to fire before the enemies start firing and moving in Humvee watching on prying enemies...once the action starts going there's no stopping. At the end of the level you are recruited by General Sheperd in an undercover operation with Makarov. Yes the same level which was so much controversial...well Yes! It is controversial with what the content depicted in it...but inevitable in the game as the whole game revolves around it. The level starts with Makarov, with a group of his Russian henchmen and you as Allen, gets ready in a lift reloading ammo, zipping bulletproof vests and when the lift door opens up Makarov says "NO RUSSIAN". And then the mayhem starts...Makarov and his men starts firing innocent people at the Zakhaev International Airport...without mecy without leaving anyone of them. I, myself was shocked witnessing this and was in a dilemma whether to shoot or not....seeing people crawling on the floor in a bloody mess. Such is the affect the level has on the gamers. When you start a new game in MW2 it asks whether to skip this particular level as well levels with similar sruff...though I recommend everybody play this to have a full grasp on the story.

Fast forward to another level where we are introduced to our Ol' Friend Captain Soap MacTavish now mentoring Sgt Gary 'Roach' Sanderson on an frozen mountains and landscapes of Kazakhstan. As I said before the level is so polished along with the cold wind blowing on your face and the non-visibility in the snow...everything adds up to a great set piece and top it up with and adrenaline pumping Snow Mobile chase...simply marvelous. Another level which got me at the edge of my seat was 'Hornets Nest' where Soap and Roach must escape an enemy-heavy Rio De Janeiro...its so exotic that you'd gape at the wondrous locale instead of running on rooftops...and the rooftop running was so over the top that it reminded me of Mirror's Edge although with 100 times more adrenaline pumping. There are cinematic shots and action sequences scripted here and there that's a real wonder to behold.
Especially the airplane boneyard and the climactic boat chase was nothing short of stunning, so action packed, so awesome that it had to be an action movie!

But what really got my nerve was that that almost all Game Websites ignored praising was the music. Composed by Hans Zimmer, the music was what drived me on without losing the pace in fact I was so into the music that I began listening to the soundtrack all the time. Its shame to all those game reviews who didnt even mention about the music in their reviews (IGN, Gametrailers, Gamespot). The story is kinda twisted and you have to keep track of it while you are paving your way forward shooting the brains off your enemies and its kinda distracting when Makarov & Price has as a 'chat over the phone' in the Airplane Boneyard level. There'll be a bit of questions in the end when you first finish playing the game but after you've gone through MW2 the second time, I amd sure everything will be answered. Singleplayer campaign is short, you can finish it off in about 6 hours. Though there's still more...IW has added 'Spec Ops', a set of single-player like missions which you can play solo or with a friend. And then there's the mulplayer too. Though I loved MW2 for the single-player...the action sequences, the adrenaline filled races and over-the-top cinematic gameplay. And everything is so polished that you end up disappointed that it ended so soon.Well I am making it a bit short as I dont want to spoil 'everything' with my yapping. I am sure those of you who haven't played the game would want to kill me if they have read it till here...well but still thats more unlikely that if there is a COD Gamer....its impossible he hasnt finished the game as of now.

Well I might add more to this article and mark it with and updation...coz I gotta go play 'Hornets Nest' once again.

Oh btw EA's Medal Of Honor Series went onto sleep under a rock since Modern after Medal Of Honor Airborne....nothing was to be heard from EA until December 2009...when they announced a new MEDAL OF HONOR with a protagonist awfully similar to Captain Price.

Click on the Image to Enlarge:

Friday, June 12, 2009

Saving the World was Just a Cheerleader away!

Were you on the List?

Being a die-hard HerOes'll be bad if i dont do a design on HerOes...Its the best damn show on the TV...(exceptions bin Season 3 Finales)....
So here I am with this simple design...I mean people can right away understand from the Eclipse logo....that its Heroes rite?

Have Faith in the Edge

Being in the Mirror is just not so easy!

Only some games can attract a wide audience with just one preview and that preview lasts forever.
EA Games & DICE's 'Mirror's Edge' was one of them.One of the most impressive games of 2008.
Impressive as well as Inspiring!
And the music is just as much inspiring as the game itself!

The Real Tribute!

For Don Vito Corleone.

Following Darth Vader Simple Yet Clear Design...
My Tribute to The Godfather....
I actually designed this hearing the Godfather Soundtrack...
One helluva movie...
Though I feel the Logo is too damn Obvious!
And I wanted to add 'Strictly Business' as the caption but it was Michael's lines but I wanted Don Corleone's lines to be the i the chose the more obvious one!

Wednesday, June 3, 2009

HaLO fR3ak

Pleading for Halo 3 on PC!

Bungie's 'Halo' was highly hyped as the game which sold the Microsoft X-Box. I didnt care about it then...coz I am not at al interested in Gaming Consoles....not that I love to play in coz I dont have one!

I had played Bungie's 'Oni' on my PC and it was a pleasant gaming experience...
Halo when released for the X-Box was considered as the Half-life for PC. Stil I didnt care...I saw the screenshots, I saw the trailer....but still there wasnt an impact on me. It was a year later Halo Combat Evolved was released for the PC by Gearbox. I got my hands on it and began to play which turned out to the THE MOST EXCITING mixture of extreme Action, mind numbing Story and Pure FUN! I knew, then, what was Halo all about. I became a Halo Fanboy! Everytime I heard the Halo theme music..I had goosebumps...everytime I came across Master Chief or Cortana image on the net...I began dreaming of Halo2.

My hopes died when I knew about Microsoft acquiring Bungie and they began releasin X-Box exclusive titles the first one being Halo 2. WTF? I played Halo and was expecting to play Halo 2 but it wasnt there for the PC....Halo 2 became another 'X-Box Seller' and I was expecting these guys to port it to the PC ASAP. After a year or so...Microsoft release Halo 2 for the PC....but only for Windows Vista under their 'Games for Windows' banner..once again I was let down....but stil i didnt lose hope completly...Just to play Halo 2..I installed Vista and began playing...there were alot of issues(the main being Vista was a resource hog)...but still I got through playing Halo 2..successfully. And the Halo 2 climax was a real a real cliffhanger making me (as with all the other Halo fans) dying to play the final chapter in the Halo Trilogy....Dying to.."Finish The Fight!"

Microsoft released X360..their next generation console and I knew we were screwed..there was no way now Microsoft was releasing Halo 3 and X360 exclusive! And I wasnt wrong either..Halo3 was a X360 only title and seeing the reallt blew my mind..My hands itched as I drooled over the trailers and gameplay videos of Halo3. The Graphics, the phenomenal music, The Lighting, the action and most of all the Story....I just wanted to get my hands on Halo3 somehow but I can never afford to buy an X360...

So here I am wating for Halo 3 for PC...for about 2 years, checking for rumors about Microsoft's plans to release Halo3 on PC... Even if its released on Vista..I dont care....somehow I want to play Halo3...I am still drooling at the videos, previews and screenshots and I have even signed an online petition to release Halo3 on PC..

Here's a tribute to Halo following my 'simple yet clear' design style series.

Designing Tributes!

Inspired from the Star Wars Design!

I just had a minor brainstorm...I created the 'Tribute To Star Wars' Darth Vader and I thought of creating somethings that I have enjoyed/adored/become-fan-of in the simplest of designs...
This led me to work on couple of other designs following the Star Wars Design....making it as simple yet clear as possible.
I hope to follow this design for some more of my ideas though..who knows I might just stumble upon yet another effective design...

Mike Wazowski: Haven't you seen Monsters Inc? Don't you know Mike Wazowski? Everybody Loves Mike Wazowski...(Though I dont know why 'not-everybody' love Wachowski...its just a matter of letters)..anyways here's my tribute to the slightly hot-headed sweet monster of all time.

Rabbid: This is kinda Spoof for my 'Darth Vader Tribute', the very first mock-design in the series...As always Rabbids are annoying and as in the ads Rabbids will imitate almost evythn...Here this Rabbid has imitated the Darth Vader Design...Bwaaah!!

RED Means? A Tribute to Mike Mignola and his HellBoy....
I saw the movies...
I read the comics...
Now its my turn to give them a tribute....
So as in the movie...
Hellboy: "Red means STOP!"

Always Go for the RED Pill: I am a die hard 'The Matrix' fan...I was called a Matrix Freak...If I dont create something for the The Matrix Universe...It'd be a dire mistake!
I could hav gone the 'Code' way.and made it more simple..though I didnt want to ignore 'The One'...So I went for the obvious stuff...Putting Neo in the design..

Monday, May 25, 2009

A Star Wars Tribute

I recently saw FanBoys, a movie about a 4 Star Wars fanboys out on a road trip to snatch the Star Wars Episode I from George Lucas' Skywalker Ranch....

I Liked the movie and later on I thought...being a Star Wars fan myself...I haven't contributed anything to the Star Wars Universe....creatively or otherwise.

So I decided to create a small piece of Photoshop art/poster (whatever you may call it) based on the Dark Lord.

So here Goes...For The Star Wars Universe.

Thursday, March 12, 2009

Celluloid Freak

Click above Image to Enlarge

Movies I love....
Movies That Inspired Me...
Movies that Altered Me...
Here are those movies that I adore...

01. The Matrix [The Wachowski Brothers]
02. The Godfather
[Francis Ford Coppola]
03. The Fountain [Darren Aronofsky]
04. Fight Club [David Fincher]
05. Requiem For a Dream [Darren Aronofsky]
06. Into The Wild [Sean Penn]
07. The Dark Knight [Christopher Nolan]
08. Snatch [Guy Ritchie]
09. Ocean's Eleven [Steven Soderberg]
10. Spirit The Stallion Of Cimaron [Kelly Asbury & Lorna Cook]
11. Memento [Christopher Nolan]
12. Sin City [Robert Rodriguez]
13. SwordFish [Dominic Sena]
14. Forrest Gump [Robert Zemeckis]
15. Lucky Number Slevin
[Paul McGuigan]
16. The Incredibles [Brad Bird]
17. Lord Of the Rings Return Of The King [Peter Jackson]
18. King Kong [Peter Jackson]
19. KiLL BiLL Vol 1 [Quentin Tarantino]
20. KiLL BiLL Vol 2 [Quentin Tarantino]
21. Star Wars [George Lucas]
22. Shawshank Redemption [Frank Darabont]
23. Back To the Future Trilogy [Robert Zemeckis]
24. DreamCatcher
[Lawrence Casdan]